Some famous cinnamon growing areas in Viet Nam such as Tra Mi, Yen Bai, Que Phong and Quang Ninh. Realizing the high economic potential and health benefits of cinnamon trees, many programs and projects to develop cinnamon cultivation have been put into practice in our provinces.
Planting cinnamon trees is not only greening bare hills, it is also a source of precious spices and medicinal herbs for human health. This is also a potential economic development direction for mountainous people in general as well as ethnic minorities in particular.
Characteristics of cinnamon trees:
In our country, forest cinnamon has the scientific name of Cinnamomum cassia Nees et Bl. In addition, each region may have other names such as Yen Bai cinnamon, Quy cinnamon, Quang cinnamon, May cinnamon (Tay)…
Cinnamon is a tree with a height of 10-20m. The bark is gray-brown, when young the bark is thin, smooth when the old tree is rough and thick. Cinnamon leaves are mainly simple, oblong, nearly symmetrical, or alternate leaves. Cinnamon flowers grow in clusters of white or yellowish.
When newly planted cinnamon trees need shade to grow and develop, the larger the tree, the lower the shade tolerance of the tree. About 3-4 years of planting cinnamon trees will be completely light-loving. At that time, the roots of the tree had grown firmly, the large roots were deeply rooted in the ground, and the small roots were wide and crossed. Thanks to that, the tree has a strong pillar and grows healthy in areas of less fertile soil and steep hills. Forest cinnamon has a rather long growth cycle. It takes 8-10 years for the tree to start flowering, only about half a grain of rice, but the smell is very cool and soothing in the hills.
Normally, the low cinnamon forests can only be harvested in 3-5 years. However, for high-quality products, cinnamon trees must be over 15 years old. All parts of the cinnamon tree such as bark, leaves, flowers, wood, and roots can be used. But people mainly harvest cinnamon bark, cinnamon branches or leaves to dry or store essential oils.
Famous cinnamon growing areas Vietnam
Wild cinnamon often grows mixed in natural humid tropical forests. Our country often plans the areas next to self-growing trees oriented into 4 key cinnamon growing areas, including Tra Mi, Yen Bai, Que Phong and Quang Ninh. Each region has its own distinctive nuances.
Tra Mi – Tra Bong cinnamon area
Tra Mi and Tra Bong are two regions that have long been famous for growing cinnamon in terms of both yield and quality of forest cinnamon. Here, the annual average temperature is about 22 degrees Celsius, the rainfall is 2300mm/year and the average humidity is 85%. Tra Mi and Tra Bong cinnamon areas have an altitude of about 400-500m.
Here, cinnamon is not only an economic source, but also a familiar plant, long-standing attachment to ethnic minorities such as Ca Tu, and Bu. The communes that grow a lot of cinnamon such as Tra Thuy in Tra Bong, Tra Mai in Tra Mi, and some other communes such as Tra Quan, Tra Hiep, Tra Long, Tra Giac.
Yen Bai cinnamon area
This land has many advantages to develop the cultivation of forest cinnamon such as: the mountainous area is divided, the altitude is 300-700m, the average annual temperature is about 22.7 degrees Celsius, heavy rainfall and high humidity. In some places, the rainfall is up to 3000mm, the humidity is 84%.
Thanks to that, this place is the cinnamon growing area with the largest planting area and cinnamon bark output in the country. Particularly, the output in 4 districts of Van Yen, Van Chan, Van Ban and Tran Yen can account for 70% of the whole Yen Bai cinnamon growing area. In Yen Bai, typical cinnamon growing areas such as Dai Son, Vien Son, Xuan Tam, Phong Du, Chau Que …
Yen Phong – Thuong Xuan cinnamon area
The average altitude here is about 300-700m, located between the Chu and Hien river basins, so there is an abundant water source. The average annual temperature is 23.1 degrees Celsius; rainfall over 2000mm/year with an average humidity of 85%. Because of such natural conditions, the cinnamon tree here grows very well.
Some prominent cinnamon growing areas here are Que Phong and Quy Chau districts of Nghe An province and Thuong Xuan and Ngoc Lac districts of Thanh Hoa province. Cinnamon here has a high content of essential oil and is carefully exploited and processed by the Muong, Man and Thai ethnic groups, so the product has a high reputation and high economic value.
Quang Ninh Cinnamon Region
Here, cinnamon trees are grown on 200-400m high belts. The average temperature is 23 degrees Celsius and the rainfall reaches 2300mm/year, helping the cinnamon tree grow healthy here. The cinnamon gardens here are not only a source of domestic products but also for foreign export. Here there are typical cinnamon growing areas such as Ha Coi, Hai Ninh, Dam Hoa, Tien Yeu and Binh Lieu.
Thanks to the planting of forest cinnamon trees, people’s lives in the past, which were hard and hard, today have gradually become better, the quality of life has been improved in all aspects, people are no longer worried about poverty, but also be assured of economic development.